The Interesting History Of Swiss Army Knives

The Interesting History of Swiss Army Knives

by

Danny Sweeney

Swiss Army Knives are well known all over the world. With over 34,000 of these pocket knives currently leaving the Victorinox company each day where they are sent to over 100 different countries, the popularity of these tools is astounding. The origination of this company is surprisingly humble in comparison to its modern-day recognition.

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In 1891, the original owner of Victorinox, Karl Elsener, found out that the Swiss army was supplied with knives made in Germany. He hoped to create high quality knives in Switzerland that could by the army instead in order to create more jobs in his home country. At the time, emigration for jobs out of Switzerland was common. Victorinox currently employs 950 people. Through many years of determination, Elsener eventually developed an innovative spring mechanism which allowed him to implement twice as many features on each knife. With this invention, he added a corkscrew and an additional cutting blade. Eventually, the knives that Elsener created were given to every Swiss recruit as they entered the army. The company’s name, Victorinox, is a combination of two words. After Elsener’s mother, Victoria, died in 1909, he decided that he wanted to honor her by naming his company after her. It wasn’t until 1921 that her name was combined with ‘inox.’ At this time, the company began using stainless steel in each knife. The French term for stainless steel is acier inoxydable, or ‘inox’ for short. In combination with Victoria, the company name became Victorinox. Why are Victorinox knives better known as Swiss Army knives? According to Carl Elsener, the current head of Victorinox, when United States soldiers began using the company’s knives, they found it too difficult to pronounce the Swiss term for these tools, ‘Schweizer Offiziersmesser.’ Instead, they began calling them ‘Swiss Army knives,’ a name that is known all over the world today. In 2006, the Victorinox company began manufacturing a Swiss Army knife that included 87 tools and 141 different functions. They deemed this tool ‘The Giant.’ The Guinness Book of Records awarded this tool the title of the ‘world’s most multifunctional penknife.’ At the time, it sold for roughly GBP 550. Also recognized by the Guinness Book of Records is a knife inspired by Swiss Army knives that included 314 blades and weighed 11 pounds. While the practical application of Swiss Army knives is certainly a major draw, the intriguing multifaceted nature of these tools has also drawn countless people to them.

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The Interesting History of Swiss Army Knives

U.S. drones enter Libya conflict
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U.S. drones enter Libya conflict

Saturday, April 23, 2011

The first attacks carried out by United States Predator drones in Libya reportedly occurred today, as the Pentagon confirmed a strike carried out by the U.S. Air Force but declined to give further details.

According to Pentagon spokesperson Darryn James, a captain in the U.S. Navy, the attack happened sometime Saturday, but withheld other information. According to the Pentagon, “common practice” regarding drone operations is to provide no more information than to confirm an attack. NATO later revealed the target was a multiple rocket launcher in the Misrata area. A statement from NATO said that, “[t]he MRL system had been used against civilians in Misrata.”

Robert Gates, the US Defense secretary, announced Thursday that President Barack Obama had given permission for drones to be used in the conflict due to their “unique capabilities.” Previously, drones had been used only in a surveillance role.

General James Cartwright, an official with the U.S. Joint Chiefs of Staff, said that drones have an “ability to get down lower and therefore, to be able to get better visibility, particularly on targets that have started to dig themselves into defensive positions,” a benefit in Libya, where pro-Gaddafi forces are increasingly taking cover near civilian populations. Drones are able to make more precise attacks, which lowers the risk of civilian casualties in such areas.

Google launches Google Spreadsheets
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Google launches Google Spreadsheets

Tuesday, June 6, 2006

Google has launched an online spreadsheet site, in a private beta.

The site will allow spreadsheets to be shared between up to 10 users, which is aimed to be useful to teams and small businesses. “Many people already organise information into spreadsheets. Where they are struggling is to share it” said the product manager, Jonathan Rochelle.

Google recently bought the online word-processor Writely, launched a calendar product, as well as a desktop search tool. Many see this as them straying into Microsoft‘s markets.

Google Spreadsheets uses very advanced AJAX (Asynchronous Javascript And Xml) and Client Side Scripting to mimic very effectively it’s desktop counterparts’ functions.

It is surprisingly fast, has very good formatting and advanced formula support, but best of all it has complete support for Microsoft Excel .xls files, and very good collaboration: just enter the e-mail address and you can share easily.

Affordable Hair Salons In Salina

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If you are tired of paying expensive prices when you visit local Hair Salons in Salina, then you might want to consider going to a beauty school. This is an excellent option for those who are living on a tight budget and still want to access the latest beauty treatments and styles. You can find affordable treatments and hair styling services when you visit a local beauty school. They often have unique discounts and promotions available to the local community. They want to allow their students to have as much practice as possible as they continue their education. You can save quite a bit of money by accessing all of your hair styling needs through a beauty school.

Many people have been able to find an excellent hairstylist when they visit a beauty school. They develop excellent relationships that last for many years. You have the opportunity to follow their career and stick with them if they provide you with trusted hair styling services. It is an opportunity to save a significant amount of money on all of the beauty treatments that you enjoy. This includes haircuts, eyebrow waxing, conditioning treatments, color treatments and many more. It is also a great place to access all of your favorite beauty products.

It can be very frustrating to pay hundreds of dollars each time you visit Hair Salons in Salina. You can save quite a bit of extra money if you choose to get your hair done at a local beauty school. They discount their prices in order to help out their students and provide them a trusted learning environment. Often their work is overseen by a professional stylist that will be able to step in at a moments notice. The work is guaranteed and if for some reason there are any problems they strive to make it right and offer excellent customer service.

You can Contact Hays Academy Of Hair Design for more information about affordable hair styling services. They will guide you through the entire process and give you more information about all of the different types of beauty services that they have to offer.

Wikinews Shorts: April 9, 2007
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Wikinews Shorts: April 9, 2007

A compilation of brief news reports for Monday, April 9, 2007.

Contents

  • 1 Three-year-old New Zealander chokes to death on candy
  • 2 Golf: Zach Johnson wins 71st Masters
  • 3 New York couple taking taxi to Arizona
  • 4 Vocational nurse charged with fatal Houston fire
  • 5 Iran starts industrial-scale production of nuclear fuel

The New Zealand Police has reported that a three-year-old boy choked to death on Saturday afternoon, due to what they believe was a piece of candy at his birthday party.

The parents did call New Zealand’s emergency number, 1-1-1, after their son alerted his parents to the fact that he was choking. The paramedics were unable to revive the Napier boy when they arrived at the scene.

The case has been referred to a coroner.

Sources

  • Nzpa. “Three year old dies after choking on candy” — Fairfax New Zealand, April 9, 2007
  • “Three-year-old birthday boy chokes to death” — New Zealand Herald, April 9, 2007

Relatively unknown golfer Zach Johnson won the 71st Masters Tournament in Augusta, Georgia. Johnson shot 3-under-par 69 in Sunday’s fourth round, to win by 2 strokes over Tiger Woods, Retief Goosen, and Rory Sabbattini.

Johnson won a purse worth US$1,305,000 and a lifetime qualification to the Masters Tournament, held annually at the Augusta National Golf Club.

Sources

  • Press Release: Vartan Kupelian. “Johnson Proves His Mettle In Masters Victory” — The Masters Tournament, April 9, 2007
  • Gene Wojciechowski. “Johnson beats Tiger at his own game” — ESPN.com, April 9, 2007
  • “A strange week ends with a green jacket for Johnson” — CBS Sportsline, April 8, 2007

A couple living in New York City have decided to take a taxi all the way to Arizona. Betty and Bob Matas are retiring and leaving the city for good. What started as joke, has become reality, in part to spare their cats from traveling in a jetliner cargo-hold. They have negotiated a US$3,000 flat fee instead of the metered rate, which was estimated at US$5,000.

Sources

  • “New York couple taking cab to Arizona retirement” — CNN, April 8, 2007
  • “New York City Couple Hails Cab to Arizona” — Fox News, April 8, 2007

A vocational nurse working for Dr. John Capriotti, a plastic surgeon, was accused of setting the fire that wounded several and killed three people in Houston, Texas on March 28. She was allegedly trying to cover up the fact that she hadn’t completed the paperwork for an upcoming audit.

The fire began in Dr. Capriotti’s office on the fifth floor and quickly spread to the sixth. Arson investigators from the Houston Fire Department, the FBI and the Federal Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, Firearms and Explosives had been working to determine the source of the fire.

Sources

  • Anne Marie Kilday. “Bond set at $330,000 for nurse in fatal fire” — Houston Chronicle, April 8, 2007
  • Associated Press. “Woman afraid of losing job confesses to fatal fire” — The Dallas Morning News, April 8, 2007
  • Kimberly Pina. “Area fire departments evaluate high-rise strategy” — Houston Chronicle, April 6, 2007
  • Joe Stinebaker. “3 dead in Houston office building fire” — Lexington Herald-Leader, March 29, 2007

Iran announced that it has started industrial scale production of nuclear fuel involving hundreds of centrifuges. The announcement comes as President Mahmoud Ahmadinejad reasserts his nation’s nuclear rights in the face of two rounds of sanctions by the UN Security Council, which is seeking a halt to such work.

The United States denounced the declaration, saying it showed Iran was defying the international community.

Sources

  • Parisa Hafezi. “Iran announces “industrial” nuclear fuel work” — Reuters, April 9, 2007
  • Marc Wolfensberger and Patrick Donahue. “Iran Says Nuclear Enrichment Reaches Industrial Scale” — Bloomberg L.P., April 9, 2007
  • “President: Iran to generate nuclear power on schedule” — Islamic Republic News Agency, April 9, 2007


International Space Station’s solar panel damaged
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International Space Station’s solar panel damaged

Tuesday, October 30, 2007

Astronauts and ground controllers are looking at apparent damage to the International Space Station P6 4B solar array spotted by the crew during deployment. NASA halted the deployment of the solar array wing to evaluate the damage. Deployment is about 75 percent complete with 25 of 31 bays deployed.

The crew has been asked to photograph the area on the solar array wing and downlink the images to the ground.

Shuttle Discovery is presently docked to the ISS during mission STS-120.

Canadians may elect Senate
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Canadians may elect Senate

Thursday, December 14, 2006

Canadian Prime Minister Stephen Harper has proposed a bill that would allow Canadians to vote for Senators. Such a change requires an amendment the constitution, however, the government believes that Harper’s proposal bypasses the need for constitutional change.

Traditionally, the Prime Minister advised the Governor General on who to appoint to the upper house. The Senate reform bill, however, would allow citizens in a province or territory to vote in a preferential ballot which would advise the Prime Minister on whom to recommend for appointment to the Senate.

Senators would campaign like any other politician. Voters in their province that has a Senate vacancy would cast ballots for their favorite candidate at the same time as a vote in a general election.

The only provinces that actually has had Senate elections are Alberta and British Columbia. In 1989, then Prime Minister Brian Mulroney appointed Stan Waters to the Senate after he was elected in an Alberta-wide vote to fill a vacancy in the upper house.

Alberta Premier designate Ed Stelmach says he agrees with Harper’s proposal.

“I believe what Prime Minister Harper is doing is opening up consultation in terms of how to bring about Senate reform and we’re going to work with him,” said Stelmach in Edmonton, the capital of Alberta. “We have been supportive of Senate reform for many, many years and will continue to do so. I’m awaiting the details of his proposals.”

“This bill will allow us to move to a new era in Canadian democracy,” Harper told the Conservative Party at their last meeting before Christmas break, which was held publicly.

“For the first time, it will let the prime minister give Canadians the decision on who represents them in the upper house.”

“Imagine that. After a century and a half, democracy will finally come to the Senate of Canada,” Harper said in a speech to members of the Conservative Party. “If need be, we’ll use a plurality (first-past-the-post) voting system at first, and then move to a preferential system of proportional representation,” Harper said.

Harper has already introduced a bill which will attempt to limit the terms of senators to eight years. The 105-member Senate is currently dominated by the Liberals.

“Many Albertans I’m sure will share my view that it will not be good for the province to have an elected Senate as long as we don’t have a constitutional change on the number of senators by province,” Liberal leader Stephane Dion said.

If the bill fails, Harper is expected to campaign on the issue in the next federal election, which is expected next year.

What Do Civil Engineers In New Orleans La Do?

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If you look around the area where you live, you will probably see some work that has been done by civil engineers in New Orleans LA. The profession of civil engineering is one of the oldest of all engineering disciplines. Civil engineering deals with the construction of structures that are built up in the environment around civilization. The build environment is most of what we consider to define our modern civilization including bridges and buildings, roads, railways, dams, subway systems, airports, water systems and sewer systems.

Civil engineers in New Orleans LA are responsible for designing the structures that keep the sea at bay. A series of levees and dams help to channel the water away from the land and prevent it from flooding the city, keeping the residents safe and secure. Civil engineers are also involved in the ship building industry and aerospace. Wherever you see a large power facility or industry that needs a large facility, it is a sure bet that civil engineers designed the plant or the building and were instrumental in getting it to the point of being operational.

Environmental engineering is also known as sanitary engineering. Hazardous waste is managed and remediated by the work done with environmental engineering. Chemical, biological and other types of waste need to be processed and the water and the air needs to be purified in the process. As well, contaminated sites require remediation where soil is tested and treated or removed. Oneal-Bond Engineering deals with a variety of civil engineering disciplines, including environmental engineering, water and waste facility design, subdivision engineering and land development.

The discipline of environmental engineering deals with the reduction of pollution and industrial ecology as well as green engineering. Engineers deal with the gathering of information on the consequences that will occur after a series of proposed actions. Once the effects of proposed actions are adequately assessed, society and policy makers can make more informed decisions about what will occur if certain structures are built. Civil engineering is an important part of any development process and is generally involved in every aspect of our modern society in some way.

Wikinews interviews Jim Babka, chair of Libertarian organization Downsize DC
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Wikinews interviews Jim Babka, chair of Libertarian organization Downsize DC

Thursday, April 3, 2008

A reporter from Wikinews recently interviewed Jim Babka, chair of Libertarian organization Downsize DC. The organization claims to have arranged for 22,158 people to send a message regarding the “American Freedom Agenda Act” proposed by Ron Paul, in addition to supporting many other laws. The full text of the interview can be found below.

Israeli PM Ariel Sharon undergoes emergency surgery
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Israeli PM Ariel Sharon undergoes emergency surgery

Saturday, February 11, 2006

Israeli Prime Minister Ariel Sharon underwent emergency surgery at Hadassah Medical Center in Israel to treat intestinal damage revealed by a recent computed tomography, better known as a CT scan. The Chief Surgeon said, “Sharon is out of danger, for the moment. His condition is stable and the surgery was a success.” Sharon is currently in the Intensive Care Unit (ICU) of the hospital.

Yesterday doctors treating Sharon had noticed a swollen abdomen and ordered a CT scan on his torso and found the damage to his intestine. Later tests had shown that part of the large intestine had developed necrosis and needed to be immediately removed.

Hospital director Shlomo Mor-Yosef stated a press conference that there were “no complications” during surgery. “His (Sharon’s) key problem is lack of consciousness. There is no significant change in his condition. Doctors did not find any occluded artery and there were no blood vessels blocked. He is stable but in critical condition at this time and he is in no immediate danger at this moment.”

Yosef also said that Sharon’s sons and family had met earlier and decided to go forward with the surgery and treatment.

Doctors removed at least 50cm of Sharon’s large intestine.

Yosef also said that possible reasons as to why Sharon’s intestine was damaged were, “maybe infection or decline of blood supply to the intestine.” Yosef also said that the surgery was both a “routine procedure” and “not a dramatic” one. “Hospitals perform these operations sometimes two or three times a day,” he added.

Yael Bossem-Levy, a spokesman for Hadassah Medical Center said earlier that, “the prime minister’s life is in danger. His condition is now very serious, or critical. Sharon’s digestive tract has undergone severe deterioration while he’s been unconscious, and there appears to be a blockage in his blood circulation. The restricted blood flow raised the possibility of necrosis, or death of tissue, in the intestines.”

Levy also stated that Sharon’s condition has “deteriorated to its most critical point since his admission.”

The 77 year-old leader has been hospitalized since January 4th, after suffering a massive stroke which left him comatose. This is his seventh surgery since his hospitalization.

Sharon has been hospitalized for thirty-nine days, and has been on a feeding tube for two weeks.

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